Man does not live by bread alone
A famous line but what does it mean?
The verse comes from this week's Torah reading [Parsha Ekev, Devarim 8:3:
[לְמַעַן הוֹדִיעֲךָ, כִּי לֹא עַל-הַלֶּחֶם לְבַדּוֹ יִחְיֶה הָאָדָם--כִּי עַל-כָּל-מוֹצָא פִי-'יי' יִחְיֶה הָאָדָם
and is a reference to the
miraculous Manna, which fell from heaven daily during the Jewish People's
sojourn in the Wilderness. The conclusion of the verse is that man lives by
the word of G-d. Thus, it is reminding us about the true source of human
Contrary to popular belief, it is neither our earthly toil nor the sweat of our brow nor all those conferences, meetings and sales seminars that ensure our success.
The reality is that it is G-d who sustains us
and looks after us. In the very same way as our ancestors trekking through the
desert were totally dependent on Him for their daily bread -- believe it or
not, so are we. Wealth is a gift from G-d. At the end of the day, it is not our
hard work or business acumen alone that provide our prosperity but the
blessings from above which endow our efforts with success.
Ask anyone in sales. How often have their best laid plans and pitches come to naught and then, out of the blue, a big order comes in with little or no effort. Of course, it's not the rule and we must be prepared to put in effort if we are to succeed. But when it does happen, it reminds us that there are higher forces beyond our control at work.
One of the things I have a particular appreciation for is a good ad. Some years ago, McDonald's was running a campaign and in the center of the full magazine page was a big, fat, juicy double burger. It was literally bursting from the roll on either side. The bread was dwarfed by the beef and the caption read, "Man does not live by bread alone."
A good ad indeed. But no ad agency will convince me that Scripture meant to teach us that bread is inadequate and what man really needs in life is meat! What the Torah is teaching us is something about the nature of men and women and the spirit of humanity.
The human spirit is such that we crave more
than bread. Now "bread" colloquially means money and symbolically
refers to all things material. So "man does not live by bread alone" means that
Man simply cannot live by bread alone, that human beings cannot possibly be
satisfied with bread or money or material goods alone.
Money is important but we cannot live by money exclusively. What about job satisfaction? I know a number of individuals in our community who willingly gave up lucrative positions for less rewarding ones because they found their work unstimulating. They were making lots of cash but there was no emotional reward.
I also know people who have it all financially but who are nonetheless unhappy people. They are very successful and very miserable. The successes we achieve do not guarantee our happiness. After we've bought the house of our dreams and our fantasy sports car and all the latest electronic toys we tire of them. For satisfaction to be lasting it must be more than material; it must also be spiritual. We need more than bread and money; we need stimulation and a sense of meaningful achievement. To know that our lives have purpose and that somehow we have made a difference. We want to be assured that our work is productive and has lasting value.
They tell the story of an old Russian labor camp and a long-term prisoner whose job it was to turn a heavy wheel attached to a wall on the prison boundary. For no less than 25 years the prisoner worked at his backbreaking manual labor. What kept him going mentally was the conviction that this wheel must be attached to a mill on the other side of the wall. He assumed that his revolving wheel turned the mill and that he was thus helping yield plentiful crops of grain to feed and nurture thousands of people. After 25 years of hard labor when he was about to be released to freedom, the prisoner asked to be shown the mill and the apparatus behind the prison wall. Tragically, he discovered to his shock that there was nothing! The wheel was just a wheel -- the crass authorities' instrument of manipulation and torture for no useful purpose. The man collapsed in a dead faint, absolutely devastated. His life's work had been in vain.
Men and women need to know that their life's work is purposeful, physically and spiritually. When we understand that every good deed is attached to a complex spiritual apparatus and that our every action meshes with a systematic structure of cosmic significance, then our lives become endowed with a deeper sense of meaning and purpose.
We desperately need to know that, in some way, our work is helping others -- that we are making a contribution to society beyond our own selfish needs. Then, we are living. Then we are happy.
Man does not live by bread alone. We cannot. We dare not. There's more to life than bread and money.
[There are mitzvot....]